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Powershell: Script to take a screenshot of your desktop

“Could you please send me a screenshot of what you are seeing?”. This is a frequent question we system administrators ask the end users. So, I just got a thought why I can’t take a screenshot of desktop using powershell so that I can incorporate this to my other automations if needed. That is when this script born.

When searched in google for this, I found a stackoverflow thread(http://stackoverflow.com/questions/2969321/how-can-i-do-a-screen-capture-in-windows-powershell) where different approaches are described to take a screenshot using powershell. I could make only one method working and the other is having problems. However, the working method has a limitation as I need to explicitly pass the width and height of the screen that has to be captured. If I am interested on whole screen, from where I can get these coordinates? My previous post(Get-ScreenResolution) came handy here. I read the screen resolution details using Get-Screenresolution.ps1 script and passed the output to the function I found in stackoverflow. Now it is working exactly the way I want.

For general usage, I made few more modifications to the code to allow explicitly pass the width and height details using -Width and -Height parameters. There is also another parameter called -FileName using which you can provide the name you want for the screenshot. Don’t provide a file extension here. The script saves the output in PNG format by default. If -FileName parameter is not specified you can see the output in %temp% with Screenshot.png name.


  [String]$FileName = "Screenshot"            


#Function to take screenshot. This function takes the width and height of the screen that has            
#to be captured            

function Take-Screenshot{            
   $bmp = New-Object Drawing.Bitmap $bounds.width, $bounds.height            
   $graphics = [Drawing.Graphics]::FromImage($bmp)            
   $graphics.CopyFromScreen($bounds.Location, [Drawing.Point]::Empty, $bounds.size)            

#Function to get the primary monitor resolution.            
#This code is sourced from             
# http://techibee.com/powershell/powershell-script-to-get-desktop-screen-resolution/1615            

function Get-ScreenResolution {            
 $Screens = [system.windows.forms.screen]::AllScreens                        
 foreach ($Screen in $Screens) {            
  $DeviceName = $Screen.DeviceName            
  $Width  = $Screen.Bounds.Width            
  $Height  = $Screen.Bounds.Height            
  $IsPrimary = $Screen.Primary                        
  $OutputObj = New-Object -TypeName PSobject            
  $OutputObj | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name DeviceName -Value $DeviceName            
  $OutputObj | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name Width -Value $Width            
  $OutputObj | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name Height -Value $Height            
  $OutputObj | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name IsPrimaryMonitor -Value $IsPrimary            

#Main script begins            

#By default captured screenshot will be saved in %temp% folder            
#You can override it here if you want            
$Filepath = join-path $env:temp $FileName            

[void] [Reflection.Assembly]::LoadWithPartialName("System.Windows.Forms")            
[void] [Reflection.Assembly]::LoadWithPartialName("System.Drawing")            

if(!($width -and $height)) {            

 $screen = Get-ScreenResolution | ? {$_.IsPrimaryMonitor -eq $true}            
 $Width = $screen.Width            
 $Height = $screen.height            

$bounds = [Drawing.Rectangle]::FromLTRB(0, 0, $Screen.Width, $Screen.Height)            

Take-Screenshot -Bounds $bounds -Path "$Filepath.png"            
#Now you have the screenshot


Simple, just run the script from powershell window, you will see the output in %temp%\screenshot.png

Hope this helps… feedback welcome.



{ 1 comment… add one }
  • sowmiya August 5, 2014, 4:28 pm

    Can yu plz help me as how to take screen shot of the entire aspx webpage?

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