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How to connect ISO image file to Virtual Machine in Hyper-v remotely using PowerShell

The script posted in this article will help you to mount a ISO file to a Virtual Machine(VM) in Hyper-V running on Windows Server 2012 or Windows Server 2008 R2.

While building a VM in my test lab I was mounting ISO to start the installation. I thought why not mount the ISO using PowerShell and built this script. This script works based on WMI classes in root/Virtualization namespace. So it be used in all version of Hyper-V available in market.

Using this script you can connect ISO to DVD drive in a VM running on remote Hyper-V server as well. This script ejects if there is already a ISO connected via the DVD drive and mounts the ISO you specified.

This script is based on the article written at a MSDN blog from where I grabbed the code and polished it to suite my needs.

 [string]$HyperVServer = $env:ComputerName,            
$VMMS = Get-WMIObject -Namespace root\virtualization `
      -Class Msvm_VirtualSystemManagementService `
      -ComputerName $HyperVServer `
      -EA Stop            
# Get the virtual machine object            
$VM = Get-WMIObject -Namespace root\virtualization `
     -Class MSVM_ComputerSystem `
     -Filter "ElementName='$VMName'"  `
     -ComputerName $HyperVServer `
     -EA Stop            
# SettingType = 3 ensures that we do not get snapshots            
$SystemSettingData = $VM.getRelated("Msvm_VirtualSystemSettingData") | where {$_.SettingType -eq 3}            
# Get the first DVD drive in the system            
$DVDDrive = $SystemSettingData.getRelated("Msvm_ResourceAllocationSettingData") | where{$_.ResourceType -eq 16} | select -first 1            
# Make sure the DVD actually exists            
if ($DVDDrive -eq $null) {            
   Write-Warning "No DVD drive exists on that virtual machine"            
# Check to see if there is already media in the DVD drive            
$existingRASD = $SystemSettingData.getRelated("Msvm_ResourceAllocationSettingData") | where {$_.Parent -eq $DVDDrive.__Path}            
# If there is media in the drive - eject it            
if ($existingRASD) {            
   $result1 = $VMMS.RemoveVirtualSystemResources($VM, @($existingRASD))            
   if($result1.ReturnValue -eq 0) {            
  Write-Host "Successfully ejected the exiting ISO image"            
# Create a new object for a DVD ISO, connected to the DVD drive            
$DVDAllocationCapabilities = Get-WMIObject -Class Msvm_AllocationCapabilities `
           -ComputerName $HyperVServer `
           -Namespace root\Virtualization `
           -Filter "ResourceType=21 and ResourceSubType='Microsoft Virtual CD/DVD Disk'" `
           -EA Stop            
$DVDAllocationCapabilities = $DVDAllocationCapabilities.__Path.Replace('\', '\\')            
$DVDSettingsData = Get-WMIObject -Class Msvm_SettingsDefineCapabilities `
         -ComputerName $HyperVServer `
         -Namespace root\virtualization `
         -Filter "GroupComponent='$DVDAllocationCapabilities' and ValueRange=0" `
         -EA Stop            
$DVDSettingsData = [wmi]$DVDSettingsData.PartComponent            
$DVDSettingsData.Connection = @($ISOPath)            
$DVDSettingsData.Parent = $DVDDrive.__Path            
# Add the ISO to the virtual machine            
$result = $VMMS.AddVirtualSystemResources($VM, $DVDSettingsData.GetText(1))            
if($result.ReturnValue -eq 0) {            
 Write-Host "Successfully attached the ISO image $ISOPath to $VMName"            
} else {            
 Write-host "Failed to attach the ISO image $ISOPath to $VMName"            

Hope this helps & happy learning..